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Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is a country in Southeast Asia. It has a population of around 87.8 million and is among the most populous countries in the world. Its capital is Hanoi and its largest city is Ho Chi Minh City. Its official language is Vietnamese.

Historically, Vietnam was dominated by imperial China until the mid 10th century, when it became an independent sovereign state. It was colonized by the French in the 19th century until 1954. Vietnam was divided into communist North and non-communist South, and both sides fought in the Vietnam War (1955-1975) with the aid of various countries, including the United States, which supported the South. The war ended with a North Vietnam victory and the nation was unified under a communist government before a series of economic and political reforms took place in 1986.

Spanking in Vietnam[edit]

Judicial corporal punishment[edit]

Old photographs like this and this, both at World Corporal Punishment Research, suggest that judicial corporal punishment was ordered by the local courts during the French colonial period. The offender was laid flat on the ground, his limbs pinned down by others, and was beaten on the buttocks. This practice was similar to that used in ancient China. It has now ceased, even though it is unclear whether the government banned it or not.

School corporal punishment[edit]

Formal school corporal punishment, however, still exists in Vietnam today, and is applied to both schoolboys and schoolgirls. Even though Vietnam was colonized by the French, these punishments appear to resemble British-style canings, as a thin rattan cane is used, or in other cases, a type of paddle or long ruler. The student either adopts a standing position or lies flat on a desk or bench, and receives the strokes on his or her bottom over clothing. The beating is sometimes given on the hand (hand caning). These punishments do not seem to be as harsh as those in other countries like Singapore and South Korea, and at times, may appear to be more comical than serious.

See also[edit]