Since no one knows how to find out what the "intended goal" of a work is, a rule of thumb is that pornography is usually work that presents a subject such as sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral or anal), masturbation or a person's sexual organs (often, frontal nudity) in a lascivious, non-objective way. It is important to understand that the subject matter alone is an insufficient criterion for pornography; what counts is how it is presented. See for example this close-up photo of a human vulva, this photo of a flaccid and erect human penis or this drawing of the "cowgirl" sex position at Wikipedia. All of these examples are non-pornographic because the subject matter is presented in an objective, non-lascivious way.
Pornography and erotica are two words that describe more or less the same thing, but with different connotations. According to Wikipedia, ""Erotica" tends to define material with a higher emotional content, the development of place, character and story line, or of an overall artistic theme. However, such distinctions are necessarily subjective and may say more about the critic's own tastes on erotic material than the artistic and other attributes of the material itself."
The legal status of pornography varies widely. Most countries allow at least some form of pornography. Softcore pornography is usually tame enough to be sold in general stores and (in some countries) to be shown on TV. Hardcore pornography, on the other hand, is usually regulated. Child pornography is illegal almost everywhere. However, what falls under the definition of child pornography and what doesn't, varies widely. Most countries also have restrictions on pornography involving (non-consensual) violence or animals.
Since the legal definitions of what constitutes pornography and what doesn't vary from country to country, it is nearly impossible to give clear criteria for it. Even in the U.S., local prosecution of and tolerance for pornography vary from state to state and from city to city.
Although any website is internationally accessible, it seems reasonable to assume that U.S. legal regulations apply for the Spanking Art wiki, and not, say, Saudi Arabian law. This is not because U.S. citizens were the 'target audience' or the biggest English-speaking nation (that's India). It's because the wiki is hosted in the United States.
Porn stars in spanking films
In the late 1980s and '90s a number of popular porn stars left that industry to launch a new career in spanking and BDSM videos (playing dominants and/or submissives). The most well-known from this first wave are Tanya Foxx, Sharon Mitchell, Ashley Renee, Star Chandler (a.k.a. Ruby Richards), June Bauer, Tom Byron, Greta Carlson, Fawna (a.k.a. Tori Sinclair, Shanna McCullough), Marilyn Rose, and Jamie Gillis.
In recent years, a new generation of performers have emerged who go back and forth between the two genres. The better-known actors in this group include:
- Casey Calvert (photos)
- Beverley Cocks
- Annie Cruz
- Maisie Dee (photos)
- Sophie Dee (photos)
- Ashley Fires (photos)
- Ella Hughes (photos)
- Jessica Jensen (photos)
- Francesca Le (photos)
- Jewell Marceau (photos)
- Alexa Nova (photos)
- Gia Regency (photos)
- Bella Rolland (photos).
- Brittany Shae (photos)
- Bobbi Star (photos)
- Mika Tan (IMDb filmography page)
- Nadia White (photos)
- Blair Williams (photos)
- Dee Williams (photos)
- Madison Young (photos)
The line between pornography and fetish films (which, except for German videos, contained no sex acts in the '80s and '90s) has become blurred in the 21st century. Far East Media, for example, specializes in a combination of sex and spanking in all of their titles. Several newly-formed companies (Kink.com, DungeonCorp, Wasteland, et al.) depict extreme BDSM scenarios which include acts of rough sex with bound (or otherwise dominated) submissives that test the legal definition of rape. (Some companies include post-production interviews as proof that no actors were abused or forced against their will.)
In addition, some producers of traditional spanking/caning videos – including industry leaders Lupus Pictures, Shadow Lane, and Mood Pictures – have begun to add titles to their inventory featuring a blend of erotic discipline and pornographic sexual content.
Spanking in pornographic films
French stag reels from the 1920s contain the earliest known depictions of fetishistic spanking, whipping, and bondage on film. Many of these used popular literary and historical figures from French culture (and even nuns), adding a dimension of subversive humor to the sexual antics performed on screen.
Brief scenes of bondage and whipping from a 1930s-40s reel (recently reissued on DVD by Cult Epics) appear in the mainstream drama Performance (1970). Another mainstream drama, The Day of the Locust (1975), shows guests at a private Hollywood party in the '30s watching a stag film with a spanking scene (most likely a recreation).
Spanking scenes, ranging from playfully erotic to brutally sadistic, have appeared in a number of softcore films of the late sixties and early seventies as well as hardcore features of more recent years. In the adult French sex comedy La Fessée (1976), spanking scenes are a major plot element, acting as foreplay before the sex scenes.
The Amateurs (2005) is an independent mainstream comedy about the making of an amateur porno video. A film-within-the-film segment shows a lesbian scene with (F/F) spanking.
Silent stag reels
- 1900s: Polissons et galipettes (The Good Old Naughty Days, F/F, M/F) 2002 compilation of porn from 1905-1930. (spanking clip at Xvideos)
- 1920s: Vintage Erotica Anno 1920 (Cult Epics, compilation of French stag films)
- 1920-1960: Vintage Lesbian Erotica (1920-1960) (Cult Epics compilation)
- 1924: The Casting Couch (stag short with male bondage and F/M cropping); excerpt in YouTube documentary at 9:20.
- 1930s: Vintage Erotica Anno 1930 (Cult Epics compilation), watch Ostra Studio's Dressage au Fouet at the Internet Archive
- 1940s: Vintage Erotica Anno 1940 (Cult Epics compilation)
Feature films: 1970s
- 1970: The House on Beaver St. (F/F towel whipping)
- 1970: Love Me or Leave (M/F), entire film at Veehd
- 1970: The Party at Kitty and Studs (aka The Italian Stallion), Sylvester Stallone (video clip at PornHub)
- 1970: Teenie Tulip (F/F)
- 1971: Bacchanale (F/M), complete film on Vimeo.
- 1971: The Big Snatch (M/F, F/F), spanking clip
- 1971: The Hand of Pleasure (F/M & M/F flogging video at Xhanpster, photo)
- 1972: Hot Connections
- 1972: Office Girls aka Sex in the Office (Germany), pseudo-documentary; photo
- 1972: Sassy Sue (M/F whipping)
- 1973: The All-American Girl (M/F)
- 1973: Devil's Due (M/F)
- 1973: The Sinful Dwarf (Germany, X-rated version), whipping
- 1974: The Defiance of Good, aka Defiance (horror-porn hybrid, photo)
- 1974: Bibi: Confessions of Sweet Sixteen (X-rated version of Vild på Sex)
- 1974: High School Fantasies (F/M), female teacher paddles two male students.
- 1975: The 11,000 Sexes, aka Lez Onze Mille Verges (France), video clip
- 1975: The Agony of Lace, Lash and Love (M/F)
- 1975: Angela, The Fireworks Woman (F/F whipping)
- 1975: Anyone But My Husband (directed by Roberta Findlay)
- 1975: Naked Came The Stranger
- 1975: The Naughty Victorians: An Erotic Tale of a Maiden's Revenge (based on The Way of a Man with a Maid), Victorian era, film at Xhampster
- 1975: The Seduction of Amy (French title: Phantasmes); Photo, 2nd photo
- 1975: Sexteen (F/F, video clip)
- 1975: The Story of Joanna (porn variation on The Story of O)
- 1976: The Devil Inside Her (horror-porn)
- 1976: Dominatrix Without Mercy (features Vanessa Del Rio and Jamie Gillis)
- 1976: Domination Blue, Sharon Mitchell
- 1976: Femmes de Sade - directed by Alex de Renzy (video clip)
- 1976: La Fessée (France); watch a video clip here, here or the complete film at xHamster.
- 1976: The Image (BDSM film) - The Image 1976 - Watch Full Movie.
- 1976: The Night of Submission (rough sex and S&M with Annie Sprinkle and Vanessa Del Rio), full video
- 1976: The Velvet Edge (belt-whipping "flashback" scene from The Bang Bang Gang, 1970)
- 1977: Agent 69 Jensen: I Skorpionens Tegn (In the Sign of Scorpio), Danish softcore comedy.
- 1977: Command Performance
- 1977: Couples voyeurs et fesseurs (France), F/F and M/F domination
- 1977: House of de Sade (Vanessa del Rio), whipping, spanking, S&M sex scenes.
- 1977: Joy of Humiliation (Vanessa del Rio)
- 1977: Prey of a Call Girl
- 1977: Revenge and Punishment
- 1977: Vanessa (soft-core erotica; Olivia Pascal whipped by a nun and a man. Video at sevenload)
- 1978: Daughters Of Discipline (severe whippings, S&M cult), 49 min. video
- 1978: Debbie Does Dallas (cheerleader gets OTK spanking).
- 1978: La Servante Perverse (France)
- 1978: Slave of Pleasure (Jamie Gillis, filmed at New York's Hell Hole S&M club), 82 min. video
- 1979: Blonde in Black Silk (M/F)
- 1979: Daisy May (Holly Joy belt-spanked while giving blowjob).
- 1980: Co-Ed Fever (group paddling video clip at PornHub).
- 1980: Den of Dominance
- 1980: La Pension des Fesses Nues, headmaster whips three girls.
- 1980: The Perils of Mandy (softcore UK film)
- 1980: Prisoner of Paradise (aka Nazi Love Island); Nazi exploitation with John Holmes and Seka (video clip at SpankingTube)
- 1981: Bad Girls (photo)
- 1982: Expose Me Now
- 1982: Intimate Lessons (video clip)
- 1982: The Taming of Rebecca (Sharon Mitchell)
- 1982: Stalag 69 (Nazi exploitation with Anjelique Pettyjohn), whipping and cropping. (See movie in Links section below)
- 1983: Daughters of Discipline
- 1983: Dr. Bizarro (video clip)
- 1983: Never Sleep Alone (Sharon Mitchell)
- 1983: Oriental Techniques in Pain and Pleasure
- 1984: Insatiable II (Jamie Gillis, Marilyn Chambers)
- 1984: The Loves of Lolita (view video clip)
- 1985: Deliveries in the Rear
- 1985: Le Secret d'Elise
- 1986: Daddy's Little Darling (Nikki Charm)
- 1987: Die Liebesschule aka Insatiable Janine (Germany, M/F), video clip
- 1987: Summer of '72 (M/F birthday spanking), video clip
- 1989: Object of Desire (F/F, M/F, photo)
- 1993: Mind Shadows
- 1993: Mind Shadows II (Alexis Payne), S&M scenes, flogging, etc.
- 1994: Nazi Sexperiments (Alpha Blue Archives compilation of '70s Nazi exploitation sex & BDSM loops)
- 1994: Secret Diary (Sharon Kane ruler spanks Taylor Wane), video clip at PornHub
- 2001: Amish Daughters (M/F, video clip)
- 2002: The Fashionistas (award-winning 4-hour BDSM fetish-porn epic)
- 2002: Master's Plaything (M/F), video clip
- 2006: Slut School, headmistress spanks schoolgirl.
- 2007: The Fashionistas 2
- Pornography on Wikipedia
- Pornography by region on Wikipedia
- Erotica on Wikipedia
- Sexploitation film
- Spanking in mainstream films
- Spanking video
- Spanking videos on the Internet
- The History of spanking in film
- The Big Snatch (1971), spanking clip.
- Perversion for Profit, an anti-pornography film (c. 1965)
- Retro Porn Classics
- Stalag 69 (Part 1), and Part 2 – entire film in xHampster.
- Cult Epics
- Internet Adult Film Database (directory of adult films and actors)