Law consists of a number of separate disciplines. Contract law regulates everything from civil purchase to trading swaptions on derivatives markets. Property law defines rights and obligations related to transfer and title of personal and real property. Trust law applies to assets held for investment and financial security, incluiding pension funds. Tort law allows claims for compensation when someone or their property is injured or harmed. If the harm is criminalised in a penal code, criminal law offers means by which the state prosecutes and punishes the perpetrator. Constitutional law provides a framework for creating laws, protecting people's human rights, and electing political representatives. Administrative law relates to the activities of administrative agencies of government. International law regulates affairs between sovereign nation-states in everything from trade to the environment to military action.
The legality of spanking
The legality of spanking is a complex topic when you consider the multitude of countries and states, the past and the present, and the many different scenarios in which one person may spank another.
For the legality of non-consensual spanking, you can find more information on:
- Spanking of children
- School corporal punishment
- Judicial corporal punishment
- Prison corporal punishment
- Military corporal punishment
The legality of spanking art
The legality of spanking art (drawings, paintings, sculptures, videos etc. that depict spanking) and spanking stories is an even more complex topic. In many countries the freedom of speech and the freedom of artistic expression are considered important rights. However practically all legislations have also laws that ban or put certain restrictions on works that are considered obscene or pornographic by varying local definitions. Britain has a law on "indecent pseudo-photographs of a child", and all countries have bans on what they consider child pornography.
Spanking art by itself is generally not obscene or pornographic as it depicts a method of corporal punishment and no subject such as sexual intercourse, masturbation or the lascivious presentation of genitals. The depiction of a person getting spanked naked (such as Max Ernst's painting The Virgin Spanking the Christ Child) is normally perfectly legal and not considered a case of (child) pornography.
However individual works of spanking art, depending on what they depict and how, may be considered obscene or pornographic in some places, in which case they may be publishable for adults only, or completely illegalized. Many countries also have laws that ban or restrict graphic depictions of violence, or the combination of pornography with violence. Depending on the work, such laws may apply in certain cases.
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