Jacques Boileau (1635 - 1716) was a French clergyman and doctor of theology in the Sorbonne. He studied at the College d'Harcourt and was for 25 years vicar-general and legal vicar of the diocese of Sens.
Boileau wrote several unusual books on subjects of discipline of the Church, the best known being:
- Ad Decretalem super specula de Magistris, 1667
- De l'abus des nudités de gorge, 1675
- Historia confessionis auricularis, 1683
- Historia flagellantium, 1700
- Panégyriques des Saints, 1719
Many of his writings appeared under pseudonyms such as Ancyranus Marcellus, Claudius Fontétut and Jacques Barnabe.