John Camden Hotten
Hotten was born in Clerkenwell, London to a family of Cornish origins. He spent the period 1848-1856 in America. On his return he opened a small bookshop in London at 151a Piccadilly, and founded the publishing firm later known as Chatto & Windus.
Hotten was a compiler of an English language dictionary of slang: first published in 1859 under the title A dictionary of modern slang, cant, and vulgar words, which was reprinted numerous times. He was also a collector, author and clandestine publisher of pornographic/flagellant works such as:
- The Merry Order of St. Bridget by James Glass Bertram (1868)
- Flagellation and the Flagellants by James Glass Bertram (1870)
- The Romance of Chastisement — anonymous "By an Expert", attributed to George H. Stock (c. 1871)
- Library Illustrative of Social Progress (1872), includes Exhibition of Female Flagellants and Lady Bumtickler's Revels
Hotten also published poetry such as The Rodiad (1871). He was an associate of the poet Algernon Charles Swinburne, publishing his Poems and Ballads after Moxon and Co. rejected them. However, Cecil Lang claims in his preface to Swinburne's Letters that Hotten had effectively blackmailed Swinburne into providing him with pornographic verse.
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