Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a contiguous transcontinental parliamentary republic, with its smaller part in Southeastern Europe and its larger part in Western Asia (i.e. the Balkans and Anatolia, respectively). It s polulation is about 77 million and its official language is Turkish. Its capital is Ankara and its largest city is Istanbul.
Corporal punishment in Turkey
Spanking is known as popoya tokat or saplak atmak in Turkish.
In the home
Though Turkish government publicly agrees to enact campaigns to eliminate corporal punishment of children in hopes of being allowed into the European Union, it remains prevalent in both domestic and educational settings. The truth is, the government is bound by tradition, as Turkey has been a patriarchal society since ancient times and adheres to the belief "What a man does in his home in his own business." Though spanking on the buttocks as is commonly pictured in western society is rare, open handed blows to the head, twists of the ears, and thrashings with rods are common. Mothers are known to being quite loving to the point of doting, and all harshness is left to the father. A mother does not intervene between her husband and children, but is always there afterward for comfort. Almost any offense can earn the father's wrath such as disrespect, disobedience, poor marks, undone/poorly done chores, the misbehavior of younger siblings, and hesitance to obey commands. A "good" child quickly learns to obey and be reserved in the presence of his or her father.
It should also be noted that corporal punishment against the entire family including the wife by the husband can be meted out. Women and children are viewed as the man's property which he may discipline as he sees fit. As a result, child abuse and domestic violence are both rampant.
School corporal punishment
National Education in Turkey dating back to the Ottoman Empire, Byzantium Empire, and prior has been highly prized. It is very competitive, rigidly structured, and effective. A child is not encouraged to be creative and expressive himself or herself. Rather, memorization and industriousness are encouraged. Sloppily done assignments may result in a blow across the hands with a rod and some teachers even punish left handedness, striking the hands of students until he or she learns to be right handed or ambidextrous. If a student is called on and fails to stand up immediately, takes too long to answer or gives the wrong answer, a slap across the face may come. Parents are not too sympathetic to this and a child usually does not tell in order to avoid further punishment at home.
Turkish spanking artists
None known so far.
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