Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國), and also historically known as Formosa, is a country in East Asia comprising the main island of Taiwan and other smaller islands in the region. The country is administered by the Republic of China, which was based in mainland China from 1912 to 1949 until it retreated to Taiwan in late 1949 near the end of the Chinese Civil War (1927-1950). The country is currently governed by a presidential republic, with the President as the head of state, and the Premier as the head of government. The capital is Taipei and the largest city is New Taipei City. It has a population of about 23 million, made up of mostly Chinese, but including minorities of Taiwanese aborigines as well. Its official language is Mandarin.
Spanking in Taiwan
Judicial corporal punishment
Judicial corporal punishment in historical Taiwan was similar to the system adopted in imperial China (see China#Judicial corporal punishment). In 1909, when Taiwan was under Japanese rule, the local government introduced judicial corporal punishment for male criminals aged between 16 and 60, as an alternative to imprisonment. The punishment was carried out with a bamboo or rattan cane, applied to the clothed/bare bottom.
Judicial corporal punishment is now officially banned in Taiwan.
School corporal punishment
School corporal punishment has been banned in Taiwan by the government, but is still known to be practiced illegal in many areas. Yearly polls conducted by the Humanistic Education Foundation indicate that while corporal punishment is still practiced in schools, its use is gradually declining, from 83.4% in 1999 to 65.1% in 2005. Apart from physical beatings, other forms of punishment frequently adopted include forced standing for an extended period of time.
|Source: Humanistic Education Foundation|
A 2004 poll also found that corporal punishment was administered in 93.5% of schools. The government banned school corporal punishment in December 2006 through legislation and the ban came into force in January 2007. It is clear from video clips taken by school students that this ban is widely ignored: See Links below.
In Taiwan, parents may legally use corporal punishment on their children. Culturally, people in the region generally believe a minimal amount of corporal punishment for their own children is appropriate and necessary, and thus such practice is tolerated by the society as a whole.
Spanking is known as dǎpìgǔ (打屁股, literally: hit the buttocks) in Chinese. Apart from hand-spanking, paddling and caning, kneeling is also often used as a means of punishment. Parents sometimes use feather dusters to hit their children for misbehaving.
Taiwanese spanking art
There are no known Taiwanese spanking artists as of now.
- Spanking goes on in schools despite law, The China Post, 2 April 2004
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