Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Российская Федерация), is a transcontinental country that belongs partly to Europe and partly to Asia and extends over much of northern Eurasia. It is the country with the largest land area in the world, and has the world's largest reserves of mineral, energy resources, and freshwater. Its capital and largest city is Moscow. It has the ninth largest economy in the world and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction.
Russia has a multi-ethnic population of about 143 million, making it the ninth most populous country in the world. The population density is higher in the west and south, and lower in the north and east. The biggest ethnic group are Russians (about 80%), followed by Tatars, Ukrainians, Chuvash, Chechen, Armenians and others. The country's official language is Russian, but there are 27 other languages that have a co-official status in their regions.
Russia established worldwide power and influence from the time of the Russian Empire (1721-1917), when it was the third largest empire in history. The Russian Revolution in 1917 led to the fall of imperial rule and the rise of communism in Russia, and the subsequent formation of the Soviet Union (USSR), of which Russia was the largest and leading constituent. The USSR was a superpower throughout the 20th century and played a decisive role in the Allied victory in 1945 during World War II. It dissolved in 1991 to form the Russian Federation and 14 other countries, following the collapse of communism in the country. It is now governed by a federal semi-presidential republic, with the President as the head of state and the Prime Minister as the head of government.
Spanking in Russia
Corporal punishment has a long ancient tradition in most parts of Russia. This spans practically all areas, from judicial corporal punishment (such as whipping of convicted criminals and prisoners) to military corporal punishment (such as whipping of soldiers) and, in milder forms, corporal punishment of children in the home and in institutions such as orphanages and schools.
As in many other parts of the world, Russian culture traditionally also accepted the corporal punishment of serfs by their lords, servants by their masters and wives by their husbands. Historically, traditional spanking implements include birch rods, knout, and nettles.
Fifty lashes, illustration by Davis Millet for Campaigning with the Cossacks (1887).
"Pravezh", the specific old Russian punishment. Artwork by Russian artist Antonina Christianovna Westphalen (1912).
Public judicial corporal punishment with the knout on the street. Artwork by Russian artist Antonina Christianovna Westphalen (1912).
Non-public judicial birching in a police office. Artwork by Russian artist Antonina Christianovna Westphalen (1912).
It was a team of Russian scientists who found scientific support for medical, therapeutic whipping in 2005.
Russian spanking art
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