Photography is the process of making pictures by means of the action of light. It involves recording light patterns, as reflected from objects, onto a sensitive medium. The process is done through mechanical, chemical, or digital devices commonly known as cameras. The resulting picture is called a photograph (or photo for short). A person taking photographs is called a photographer.
Photography was developed in the first half of the 19th century. For a long time, photos were in black and white only. Although the first color photograph was already taken in 1861 and the first color film reached the market in 1907, black and white photography remained the most common type until the 1950s to 1960s, when color photography became affordable for everyone.
Photography is also the base technology for film (motion picture).
Realism in photographs
Photography allows the creation of a relatively exact, realistic image of a particular scene. As photograph was perfected, it decreased the demand for highly realistic paintings and drawings, and contributed to the development of impressionism and other less realistic schools of art.
For a time a photograph was also considered to be an automatically accurate representation of a scene or event ("The camera does not lie"). The development of more sophisticated methods of photographic manipulation, and particularly of digital editing, mean that a photographic image can no longer be automatically assumed to be an accurate depiction of a real event.
Spanking in photography
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