Morality (from the Latin moralitas "manner, character, proper behavior") is the differentiation of intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are "good" (or right) and those that are "bad" (or wrong). The philosophy of morality is ethics.
Immorality is the active opposition to morality (i.e. opposition to that which is good or right), while amorality is variously defined as an unawareness of, indifference toward, or disbelief in any set of moral standards or principles.
Morality and society
Law reflects the moral code of a society, or of the lawmakers of that society. The change of moral codes with time can be seen reflected in corresponding changes of law.
Religion also reflects the moral code of a society, but tends to leave less room for changes, especially when it has a scripture that is considered unchangeable truth.
Morality and spanking
Whether an action (or omission) is considered a punishable offense or not depends on the moral code of whoever judges it.
Whether it is moral or immoral to spank a child, adolescent, or adult as punishment for certain offenses is a question that tends to vary among societes, with time, and among individuals living in the same society and time. The delinquent's age and gender may play a role, as well as their past behaviour (and perhaps, response to punishment). Some people will vary their answer to the question from case to case.
In spanking art, film, and literature, the stereotypical strict moral codes of the "old days", such as the Victorian era, or of certain institutions, such a convents, reformatories or boarding schools, make a popular setting for corporal punishment (and other types of punishment) scenes. In these settings, moral standards are such that offenses of various kinds (such as disobedience to persons of authority, breaking of house rules) are considered serious enough to have to be corrected by serious measures.
Morality and BDSM
Some BDSM fiction, such as the writings of the Marquis de Sade, represent a type of sadism that is inherently immoral: in the absence of any restriction of morality, religion, or law, the dominants cruelly abuse their victims to fulfil their own perverse desires. Morality is sometimes reversed: being virtuous brings punishment (e.g. Justine), while being evil brings reward (e.g. Juliette).
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