Manga either refers to Japanese comics (regardless of style), or to comics and/or cartoon drawings in what is perceived to be typical "Japanese/manga" style, regardless of their country of origin.
Manga are commonly in black-and-white, and are published as print publications. However a number of manga artists (called mangaka) also publish their work in digtal form on the World Wide Web, especially doujinshi (manga fan art). Individual manga drawings (that are not panels of a comic) are generally colorized. Traditionally, manga are written from right to left.
Manga comes in all kinds of styles, so it is impossible to describe what exactly makes manga different from western comics, as for every rule there are exceptions. Still, an attempt to come up with "typical features of manga style" might include:
- oversized eyes
- undersized noses (whereas in western comics, noses, especially of adult male characters, are often oversized)
- dramatic changes in facial expression
- preference for pretty, cute, slim, and young characters
- manga erotica is more common than erotica in western comics
- a liking for casual/innocent nudity even in non-adult manga (see fan service)
- "fantasy" costumes and themes
- long and/or "spikey" hair, often in fancy colors in colored manga and anime
Manga (and anime) come in a great variety of sub-genres, which are known by Japanese terms, such as:
- Shōjo (manga for girls)
- Shōnen (manga for boys)
- Shōjo-ai (or Yuri, lesbian romance)
- Shōnen-ai (or Yaoi, gay romance)
Pornographic, erotic and adult manga also come in various sub-genres such as:
- Hentai ((変態 or へんたい) – general term for explicit pornographic manga, also known as H manga
- Ecchi (エッチ) or etchi – vague sexual content (such as skimpy clothing, partial or full nudity), but does not show sexual intercourse
- Shotacon (ショタコン), or just shota (ショ) – sexualization of or attraction to young boys
- Lolicon (ロリコン), or just loli (ロリ) – sexualization of or attraction to young girls
- Ero guro (エログロ) or just guro – heavily mutilated or dead humans engaged in sexual acts
Cartoon animation based on existing manga and/or executed in manga style is called anime.
Spanking in manga
See spanking in manga for spanking scenes in mainstream manga, and spanking manga for non-mainstream works.
Since the late 1960s, scores of films and film series have been created in Japan (and a few in the U.S.) that were directly inspired by manga stories. Most notably, the Sasori (Scorpion) series of women in prison films based on Toru Shinohara's manga, starting with Female Convict #701: Scorpion (1972).
Some of these films feature violent scenes of BDSM including whippings, beatings, torture, and humiliation of various damsels in distress. The most notorious example is Star of David: Beauty Hunting aka Beautiful Girl Hunter from 1979 (entire film at YouTube).
The Angel Guts series also features S&M story elements. In particular, Angel Guts: Red Porno (1981) and Angel Guts: Red Rope - "Until I Die!" (1987).
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