Whenever children are spanked, it is most commonly disciplinary spanking. Also, spanking of a penitent (one who confesses and asks to be punished, see religious corporal punishment) typically is disciplinary spanking.
The following are also disciplinary spanking, in case the buttocks are target of the chastisement:
- In the case of consensual punishment, it is called domestic discipline and legal everywhere.
- In the case of nonconsensual punishment, this practice is illegal in some countries and called "wife battering" or domestic violence.