A convent school is a school that is part of a convent, particularly in the Roman Catholic Church and in the Anglican Communion. Convent schools were among the first schools in Europe to educate girls (such as in the Ursulines order (since 1535) and the Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary (since 1849). Convent schools are not the same as private religious schools. Only those schools that belong to a convent (a monastery or nunnery) are called convent schools.
Traditionally, male orders (monks) would educate boys and female orders (nuns) would educate girls. Today, not all teachers of a convent school are necessarily brothers or sisters: there are also many lay teachers employed in convent schools. Modern convent schools are also co-educating.
 Corporal punishment in convent schools
- Main article: school corporal punishment
Convent schools are traditionally known to place high emphasis on discipline and obedience. To this end, corporal punishment in these schools was common and severe, not only by modern standards but also compared to secular schools of the same eras and places.
In the late middle ages, some convent schools came up with the concept of special punishment days, called Streichtage in German. Johannes Butzbach gives an account of severe convent school corporal punishment in his autobiography from 1505.
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