Caribbean

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The Caribbean is a region in North America consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands, and the surrounding coasts. There are more than 7,000 islands, islets, reefs and cays in the Caribbean. There are 30 territories in the region, including sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies. It has a population of more than 39 million.

Contents

[edit] Countries

As defined by the United Nations Statistic Division, the countries in the Caribbean are as follows:

[edit] Spanking in the Caribbean

[edit] Judicial and prison corporal punishment

Judicial (JCP) and prison corporal punishment, applicable to only males, is practiced in at least seven countries in the Caribbean. Statistics and full details are not available. The following is some known information:

  • Antigua and Barbuda: Males under the age of 18 can be sentenced to a maximum of 12 strokes with a tamarind rod (or switch), applied to the buttocks, for various offenses. [1]
  • Bahamas: Males can be punished by either a flogging with the cat o' nine tails on the bare back or with a tamarind rod on the bare buttocks. The punishment was abolished in 1984 but was reintroduced in 1991, and as recent as 2008 there are plans to abolish it again. Male prisoners who have committed certain offenses in prison are liable to be punished by up to 24 strokes or 12 strokes (for boys below 18) with the tamarind rod. For more serious offenses involving prisoners above the age of 18, the cat o' nine tails may be used. [2]
  • Dominica: Males above the age of 18 can be sentenced to a maximum of 24 strokes with the tamarind rod on the buttocks for various sex offenses. Boys below 16 may be punished for any offense by up to 12 strokes with the tamarind rod as well, but the sentence must be authorized by the High Court. [4]
  • Grenada: The GITEACPOC claims that flogging and whipping for adult males are still in force in the country. Boys aged 7 to 15 may be whipped but not flogged. Girls may not receive JCP. US State Department reports from 1995 state that floggings were rare and were usually ordered for sex crimes, but in 2010 the report suddenly says that flogging was "not uncommon" for sex crimes and assault. [5]
  • Jamaica: See the main page on the country for details.
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Male juvenile offenders may be caned up to 12 strokes on the bare buttocks, usually administered by a policeman in a police station. The GITEACPOC confirms that this punishment is still practiced in the country as of 2011. [6]
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Adult men (but not boys under 18) may be sentenced by the courts to corporal punishment with the birch or cat o' nine tails. It is one of the few countries in the world that still uses the birch. Press reports suggest that the birch is available for a wider range of offenses than the cat, and that the cat is regarded as the more severe of the two. Offenses punishable by JCP typically include sex offenses such as rape and violent crimes. In July 2010, the government announced that flogging will be made mandatory for gun-related offenses. [7]

[edit] School corporal punishment

School corporal punishment (SCP) is used in some Caribbean countries, and is usually applicable to only schoolboys. Some known information is as follows:

  • Anguilla: A 1998 response from the House of Lords in the United Kingdom and a report by the GITEACPOC state that SCP is allowed and still in practice in Anguilla. [8]
  • Antigua and Barbuda: The GITEACPOC reports that SCP is permitted as a last resort. In 2011, the Attorney-General stated that SCP can only be administered by the principal or delegate, and that the government was not going to abolish it because it had public support. [1]
  • Bahamas: SCP, locally known as "flogging", is lawful in the Bahamas and is still in practice. A 2001 news item states that the education ministry allows SCP to be meted out with a bamboo cane. This appears to conflict with a 1999 report quoting an education minister as saying that caning was no longer authorized, and that only a flat paddle or ruler might be used. The person administering the punishment must be of the same sex as the student. [2]
  • Barbados: SCP, described as "lashing", "flogging" or "licks", is still used in Barbados. News items suggest that only schoolboys are punished but the punishment of schoolgirls is also legal.[3]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Corporal punishment in Antigua and Barbuda on World Corporal Punishment Research
  2. 2.0 2.1 Corporal punishment in the Bahamas on World Corporal Punishment Research
  3. 3.0 3.1 Corporal punishment in Barbados on World Corporal Punishment Research
  4. Corporal punishment in Dominica on World Corporal Punishment Research
  5. Corporal punishment in Grenada on World Corporal Punishment Research
  6. Corporal punishment in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines on World Corporal Punishment Research
  7. Corporal punishment in Trinidad and Tobago on World Corporal Punishment Research
  8. Corporal punishment in Anguilla on World Corporal Punishment Research
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