ブルマー (pronounced burumā) are a type of gym shorts mainly worn by girls in Japan for sports activities (e.g. PE). The garment was introduced in Japan as women's clothing for physical education in 1903.
The word buruma is a Japanese transliteration of the English word bloomers. However unlike bloomers in the western sense of the word, buruma are short (completely leg-less).
Many Westerners confuse Japanese buruma with panties since their designs are almost the same in Japan, but buruma are worn over panties, are a bit thicker, and come in bold colors such as navy blue, a color very popular in sports, school uniforms and sailor suits. They are often made of polyester and may or may not have a lining. Buruma are worn by girls only. Japanese boys, instead, wear more regular gym shorts.
Western gym knickers
Similar gym shorts, also called gym knickers, are also found in Western countries, such as for playing netball.
- Buruma photo
- Buruma in a web shop
- Buruma in a web shop for cosplay
- Japanese children performing a dance in gym wear (video on YouTube)