Boy scout

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A boy scout (or plural boy scouts), originally was a young boy who has joined an organization belonging to the organization founded by Lord Robert Baden-Powell, but most chapters around the world have accepted girls into the movement, so it become more common to simply call them scouts.

Scouts almost always have to wear a uniform (similar to a soldier), which often includes shorts, jacket, scarf, hat, polished shoes and numerous award badges.

Contents

[edit] Promise and law

All members of the Scout Movement are required to adhere to a Scout Promise and Law reflecting, in language appropriate to the culture and civilization of each National Scout Organization and approved by the World Organization, the principles of Duty to God, Duty to others and Duty to self, and inspired by the Promise and Law conceived by the Founder of the Scout Movement in the following terms:

[edit] The Scout Promise

On my honour I promise that I will do my best
To do my duty to God and the King (or to God and my Country);
To help other people at all times;
To obey the Scout Law.

[edit] The Scout Law

  1. A Scout’s honour is to be trusted.
  2. A Scout is loyal.
  3. A Scout’s duty is to be useful and to help others.
  4. A Scout is a friend to all and a brother to every other Scout.
  5. A Scout is courteous.
  6. A Scout is a friend to animals.
  7. A Scout obeys orders of his parents, Patrol Leader or Scoutmaster without question.
  8. A Scout smiles and whistles under all difficulties.
  9. A Scout is thrifty.
  10. A Scout is clean in thought, word and deed

[edit] Types of Scouts

Originally founded for boys 11-17, it has since expanded.

[edit] Beaver Scouts

The core age range for Beaver Scouts is between six and eight years of age. Some members, however, can join up to three months before their sixth birthday or leave for Cub Scouts up to six months after their eighth birthday. Deviations on when members join or leave Beavers can be made upon the discretion of the leader depending on the circumstances; for example, it may be decided that a member will stay on in Beaver Scouts for some time after their eighth birthday in order to join Cubs with a friend if the leader feels the member's chances of staying in Scouting will be increased if they are allowed to move up with their friend. Other exceptions can also be made on medical grounds, for example if a member has special needs.

The emphasis for Beaver Scouts is on having fun, so a meeting involves playing games, and some sort of activity – such as painting, cooking or acting. Beaver Scouts are also taught about the basic aspects of Scouting, though much of this is left for older sections. Beavers also can go on organised indoor sleepovers but unlike older sections they are prohibited from camping by government legislation because of the ages of the members.

Since the creation of Scouting in 1907, many younger brothers wanted to join in with their older siblings. This led to the creation of Wolf Cubs (now known simply as Cub Scouts) in 1916 but there was still pressure from the younger brothers to become involved.

The first Pre-Cub scheme was set up in Northern Ireland by the 1st Dromore Group in 1963 and was called The Little Brothers. As the scheme expanded throughout the rest of the province, it was given the official name of 'Beavers' in 1966, this name having been considered by Robert Baden-Powell when creating Wolf Cubs. The following years saw the development of the uniform, age-range and general organisation before the section was re-named Beaver Scouts in 1974. Though other regions might use a more localized name, such as in New Zealand they are call Kea Scouts after a native mischievous bird.

[edit] Cub Scouts

A Cub Scout is a member of the section of the worldwide Scouting movement for young persons normally aged 8–10. In some countries they are called Wolf Cubs and are often referred to simply as Cubs. The movement is often referred to simply as Cubbing. Originally, like the Boy Scouts, the Cubbing was for boys only; girls were expected to join the Brownies and then the Girl Guides or Girl Scouts. Since about 1990 the Cubs has been open to both girls and boys in most countries. The emphasis of Cub Scouting is to have fun and learn at the same time.

The Cub Scouting movement was founded by Lord Robert Baden-Powell in 1916 with the help of his friend Rudyard Kipling, ten years after the foundation of the Scouts, in order to cater to the many younger boys who had not yet reached the age limit for the Boy Scouts but who wanted to take part in Scouting.

In the 1960s, the Wolf Cub section departed from the jungle book theme and the section changed their name to Cub Scout. Although they were now detached from jungle theme, the Jungle Stories and Cub ceremony were retained as tradition — such as the Grand Howl which signals the start and end of the Cub Scout Meetings; and the use of Jungle Books names.

Cub Scouts, like the Boy Scouts, but unlike the Beaver Scouts, uses a ranking system. But unlike its older counterpart, the ranks are often dependent upon age or grade level. The particular form that the training takes varies in different countries.

[edit] (Boy) Scouts

A Boy Scout is a boy, usually 10 to 17 years of age, participating in the worldwide Scouting movement. This movement began in 1907, when Lord Robert Baden-Powell held the first Scout camp on Brownsea Island, South England. To advance his ideas, Baden-Powell wrote the book, Scouting for Boys, which targeted boy readership, and described the Scout method of using outdoor activities to develop character, citizenship, and personal fitness qualities among youth.

Boy Scouts are organized into troops averaging twenty to thirty Scouts under guidance of a Scout leader. Troops subdivide into patrols of about six Scouts and engage in outdoor and special interest activities. Some troops, especially in Europe, have been co-educational since the 1970s, allowing boys and girls to work together as Scouts.

A Boy Scout learns the cornerstones of the Scout method, Scout Promise, and Scout Law. These are designed to instil character, citizenship, personal fitness, and leadership in boys through a structured program of outdoor activities. Common ways to implement the Scout method include spending time together in small groups with shared experiences, rituals, and activities; as well as emphasizing good citizenship and decision-making that are age-level appropriate. Cultivating a love and appreciation of the outdoors and outdoor activities are key elements. Primary activities include camping, woodcraft, first aid, aquatics, hiking, backpacking, and sports.

[edit] Uniforms

The Scout uniform is a specific characteristic of Scouting. In the words of Lord Robert Baden-Powell at the 1937 World Jamboree, it "hides all differences of social standing in a country and makes for equality; but, more important still, it covers differences of country and race and creed, and makes all feel that they are members with one another of the one great brotherhood". The original uniform, which has created a familiar image in the public eye and had a very military appearance, consisted of a khaki button-up shirt, shorts and a broad-brimmed campaign hat. Baden-Powell himself wore shorts as he felt that being dressed like the youth contributed to reducing distances between the adult and the young person.

Uniforms have become much more functional and colorful since the beginning and are now frequently blue, orange, red or green, and shorts are replaced by long trousers in areas where the culture calls for modesty, and in winter weather. T-Shirts and other more casual wear have also replaced the more formal button-up uniforms in many Scouting regions.

To show the unity of all Scouts, the World Membership Badge (World Crest) is a part of all uniforms. Neckerchiefs and Woggles (slides) are still quite common, but some Scouting associations do not use them. Patches for leadership positions, ranks, special achievements, troop- or group- numbers or names, and country or regional affiliation are standard.

[edit] Sea Scouts

Sea Scouts are members of the international Scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on water-based activities, such as kayaking, canoeing, sailing, and rowing. Depending on the country and the available water these activities are on lakes, rivers or sea in small or large ships. Sea Scouting can be a program for all Scouts or just older Scouts. Sea Scouts provides a chance to sail, cruise on boats, learn navigation, learn how to work on engines. Sea Scouts often compete in regattas.

Sea Scouting had its beginning at a campfire in England when Baden-Powell voiced the hope that older Scouts would be interested in learning about boat management and seamanship. He stressed the need for young men to prepare themselves for service on their country's ships. Sea Scouting was introduced by Baden-Powell with the assistance of his brother, Warington Baden-Powell, K.C., an Admiralty lawyer, sailor, and inventor of canoe sailing. Lord Baden-Powell personally held a Scout camp at Bucklers Hard, Hampshire in August 1908 which marked the start of Sea Scouts, though they were not officially named such until 1912. Warington Baden-Powell wrote the handbook Sea Scouting and Seamanship for Boys in 1910 with a foreword by Robert Baden-Powell. It was enthusiastically received by the young men of Britain and soon found its way to the rest of the world.

[edit] Air Scouts

Air Scouts are members of the international Scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on flying-based activities. Air Scouts follow the same basic programme as normal Scouts but certain amounts of time are spent focusing on air activities. Air Scouts often wear a slightly different uniform from the rest of the Scouting movement.

Major Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell, Robert Baden-Powell's youngest brother, was the first who brought flying-based activities into Scouting.

The 4th World Scout Jamboree in 1933 was the first international gathering where Air Scouts were represented. On August 9th Robert Baden-Powell has visited the air scouts, in the company of Pál Teleki Hungarian Chief Scout and László Almásy (known as The English Patient), who was a leader of the Hungarian air scouts.

[edit] Older Scouts

Rover Scouting is a service division of Scouting for young men, and in some countries, women. A group of Rovers, analogous to a Boy Scout troop, is called a 'crew.'

The section was started in 1918, following the successful growth of the Scout Movement, and was intended to provide a Scouting programme for young men who had grown up beyond the age range of the core Scout section. It was quickly adopted by the national Scouting organizations around the world.

Since Rover Scouting began, it has undergone many changes. Some national Scouting organizations no longer include a Rovering programme, but have replaced it with other programmes. In many of these countries, there are alternative Scouting organizations who maintain the original programme. Despite the differences in programmes, all organizations continue to provide a programme for young men and, sometimes, women into their early 20s.

[edit] Scouts in spanking art

Spanking cartoon (F/m, M/m) by Comixpank.

Discipline and obedience has always had a high value in the Scouting movement. In the early decades of the movement, in the days when corporal punishment was still a widely accpted form of child discipline, young scouts (such as Beavers and Cub Scouts) who misbehaved or wilfully broke important rules were allegedly sometimes subject to spankings from their Patrol Leaders or Scoutmasters (in loco parentis, see also point 7 of the Scout Law above). Today, the Scouting movement prohibits the use of corporal punishment.

The subject of scout spanking made its way into the genre of spanking art and into adult spanking roleplay and ageplay. As usual, the harshness in such fiction is often exaggerated and does not realistically portray the disciplinary methods of the Scouting movement.

[edit] See also

[edit] Links

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