Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. It was formerly a British colony known as Bechuanaland before it gained independence in 1966. Its capital is Gaborone and it is run by a unitary parliamentary republic. It is populated by about two million people. It has the second highest Human Development Index of continental Sub-Saharan African countries according to a 2010 Human Development Report.
Spanking in Botswana
Judicial corporal punishment (in the form of caning) is common in Botswana. The Kgotlas (tribal courts in villages) may order males aged 14-40 to be caned on the bare buttocks for almost any offence, generally in lieu of imprisonment. It is illegal to cane women, and men above the age of 40. The type of cane to be used is specified in the regulations. Protection is placed over the kidneys. A medical officer is also required to be present to certify that the offender is fit for punishment and to monitor his condition throughout the punishment. The punishment appears to be inflicted on the spot immediately after the sentence is delivered and is administered in private (inside a prison or the court). For offenders below the age of 18, they may be caned in the presence of their parents.
School corporal punishment (also in the form of caning) is also practiced in Botswana and is applicable to both boys and girls. The implement used is a light cane below one meter in length, and it is to be applied to the palm or the buttocks. The maximum number of strokes is five at secondary level and three at primary level. In primary schools, the student may be caned on the back of the legs instead. Male teachers (other than head teachers) are not allowed to cane girls.